Using Substitution from the SMAR Model with in the History or Geography Classroom

The SAMR Model is a framework created by Dr. Ruben Puentedura Source:

So Substitution it is pretty much as it sounds, it is where a we as educators use technology as a direct substitute for another medium used in the classroom. The usual example is the notebook being substituted for a word processer on a laptop or tablet ( Notes, Word, Pages, Word Perfect etc.)

Example 1:

So this first example will be if I as a the Teacher of a year 10 Geography Class tell the students that they will not be using pen and paper notebooks, textbooks, worksheets etc. for the rest of the year. instead they would be using a electronic PDF version of the textbook, OneNote, Word, Pages, Google Docs etc. to keep notes. Picture Below show possible switches.

You can save time and space by cutting back on laborious pen and paper tasks, and this also reduces your students conative load. Substitution is also a far more approachable way to learn technical soft skills than alteration and redefinition. It’s the ideal time for students to become acquainted with modern technologies before you begin to change their education.

It’s important to keep things easy here; there’s no need to reinvent the wheel. Scan your lessons and worksheets, then convert them to PDFs and upload them to Microsoft OneDrive, Google Drive, or another file-sharing site. Consider the material on your walls, such as classroom rules, regular schedules, and vocabulary lists, and convert it to digital formats.

Example 2:

Within the Classroom, not only the students can use Substitution, In both the History and Geography classroom a teacher can substitute a traditional whiteboard for and interactive touchscreen to create a more functional and practical way to convey research and information from the traditional method of textbook reading.

Example 3:

Something to Remember:  When using Substitution strategies in the classroom we need to remember that Substitution does not change the learning process for the students. A simple method is to ‘Ask yourself’ what you and your students will gain from the Substitution before implementing it.

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